Set as default language
  • The School of Athens, by Rafael

    It is believed that this character from the fresco The School of Athens, by Rafael, is Hypatia. In fact, it would be a portrait of Francesco Maria della Rovere, nephew of Pope Julius II. 1508-1511.

  • Portrait by Charles William Mitchell

    Hypatia, envisioned by the English prerrafaelista painter Charles William Mitchell (1885).

  • Lynched by the crowd

    In the center of this engraving, published in 1876, the character headed to the crowd: is Pedro, a master or magistrate according to sources.



Alexandria, Egypt

  • occupation

    mathematics, philosopher, astronomer, teacher, writer and inventor

  • area

    Astronomy, maths, mechanics and philosophy

  • motion


  • nationality

    Ancient Rome and Byzantine Empire

  • Acknowledgments

    The asteroid (238) Hypatia (discovered 1884) and the lunar crater Hypatia were baptized in his honor In October of 2013 was a comet that collided with the Earth 28 million years in the Sahara Desert and was named Hypatia

The first mathematician and philosopher in history

Daughter and disciple of the astronomer Theon, Hypatia is the first woman and the first woman mathematical philosophy that knowledge is reasonably safe and detailed. He wrote on geometry, algebra and astronomy, improved design of early astrolabes as instruments to determine the positions of the stars on the celestial vault- and invented a hydrometer, so it is considered a pioneer in the history of women in science

Cyril, passing in front of the house of Hypatia, or where teaching, saw that there was a great crowd coming, and planted out front of the house, and asked what was due. They replied that Hypatia was talking and all these people came to listen. “When he knew that his soul was bitter with envy, and immediately concoct his death, the most profane of deaths”


What Hypatia of Alexandria did?

Hypatia became preeminent mathematics and Alexandria, so, probably the main mathematical world. Invent a new and more efficient method for long divisions. She was also involved in the creation of the astrolabe, a kind of astronomical calculator that was used until the nineteenth century, the hidroscopi, a device for measuring liquid, the hydrometer and aeròmetre

As his scientific legacy?

Although all his writings have been lost, There are numerous references to them. His most extensive work was in algebra. He wrote a commentary on Diophantus' Arithmetic (considered the father of algebra) which included the alternative solutions and new problems.

He also wrote, eight books, a treatise on the Geometry of the Chronicles of Apollo (who owe the epicycles and deferential to explain the irregular orbits of the planets). He collaborated with his father in the review, improvement and editing of Euclid’s Elements of Geometry, the edition is still used today, writing a treatise on the same.

He wrote a Canon of Astronomy, dedicating themselves more to make the revision of the astronomical tables of Ptolemy, known for its inclusion in the Canon Astronomical Hesiquio. He mapped various celestial bodies, making a planisphere.

In addition to philosophy, mathematics and astronomy, was interested in mechanics and practical technologies. In the letters included Sinesi their designs for various instruments, including a plane astrolabe, that serves to measure the position of stars, the planets and the Sun.. He also developed a device for distilling water, as well as a hydroscope to measure the presence and level of water, and a graduate brass hydrometer to determine the specific gravity of liquids. Finally, supposed to be the inventor of aeròmetre, instrument used to measure the physical properties of air or other gases.

Why murdered Hypatia?

As he had frequent interviews with Orestes [the imperial prefect of Alexandria] reported so slanderous between the Christian populace was by his influence that he was prevented from reconciling with Cirilo [the Patriarch of Alexandria]. So, some of them, The ringleader was a reader named Peter, rushed driven by a fierce and fanatical enthusiasm and undertook a conspiracy against him.

And guard while returning home in his car, they took her down from him, they dragged her and took her to a church called Cesareo, where they completely stripped and murdered [hitting or tallant-] tiles [or shells]. After despedazarla, its members were carried to a place called Cinaron destroyed and burned, relates the historian Socrates Scholastic, contemporaries of Hypatia. The Neoplatonic philosopher and teacher died in March of this year 415 (or maybe 416).

astronomy by Flatart from the Noun Project